Holistic development of North East India through clean energy access
The proposed grouped project activity seeks to increase access of households and communities to improved cookstoves by disseminating high thermal efficiency and low greenhouse gas emitting cooking stoves known as Improved Cook Stoves (ICS) to the rural and semi-urban households of North Eastern states. Their old low efficiency and high greenhouse gas emitting stoves would be replaced. The implementation of the project activity, will result in the reduction of firewood consumption & consequent emissions from combustion leading to climate change mitigation in a sustainable manner.\nOver 80% of the population in North-East India lives in 40,000 villages. The North East region occupies 8.55% (8.6 %) of the tribal population in India. Firewood consumption pattern of three tribal communities of Meghalaya, India- Garo, Khasi and Jaintia was studied under varying ecological, socio-economic and socio-cultural conditions. Fuelwood consumption was highest to Khasi community (5.81 kg/capita/day), followed by the Garo (5.32 kg/capita/day) and Jaintia (3.90 kg/capita/day), respectively, irrespective of their socio-economic status.\nThe fuelwood is burnt for various activities such as cooking, water heating, space heating, lighting and livestock rearing, etc. Among various activities, cooking required maximum energy. The estimated growing stock is unable to sustain the rate of fuel consumption.